Symbols

*

denotes a reconstructed form, not preserved in any written documents

**

denotes a reconstructed form through internal reconstruction

“comes from” or “is derived from”

“turns into” or “becomes”

-

indicates morpheme boundary, or separates off that part of a word that the reader should focus on

( )

encloses part of a word that is not relevant to the discussion, or that is an optional part

Ø

“zero desinence” or “zero-grade”

˟

denotes a wrong formation