Interlinear Homer, Iliad

This is an ongoing Proto-Indo-European translation of the Iliad, following Modern Indo-European grammar and writing rules. Fernando López-Menchero helps with comments and corrections.

For relevant comments and alternative translations for each line, as well as other modern translations, see the Google Sheet.

For discussion on specific expressions and words, use preferably our Facebook Modern Indo-European group.

NOTE. If you are interested in collaborating directly by editing the document, please contact me.

Structure

The structure of the interlinear texts is as follows:

1. The Ancient Greek version is copied verbatim from Perseus Digital Library, including links to each word to facilitate immediate reference when necessary.

2. The Mycenaean version is slightly modified from A Mycenaean Iliad, by Rob Wiseman. The original version appears in the Google Sheet with corresponding notes about the changes.

3. The Proto-Indo-European version (in bold) is presented following the Modern Indo-European writing system, but with a more phonetic transliteration for those not used to it; e.g. adding all accents (instead of only those not second-to-last), adding some marks for connectors (following Wiseman’s example), and avoiding the use of q for * and c for *. For the lack of palatovelars and the vocalic outputs after laryngeal loss, see Fernando’s MIE Guidebook and Syntax. For the version with the (less cumbersome) MIE writing system, see the Google Sheet.

4. The English version is from Murray (1924), also copied from Perseus. For other translations, such as Latin, German, and Russian, check out the Google Sheet.

Translated excerpts

Click on excerpts below to access to the appropriate posts:

¹Eisām senche deiwā́ Pélewosjo Aghilewos
nokéjomnām, sā ghéslijāns Aghaiwobhos edunāns dhēt,
pelunsqe nertóns ətmenn̥s Ń̥widei pro meitst
nerōm, sweqe lábhura qr̥neut kwn̥bhós
⁵əweibʰosqe óljobhos, Diwósqe piplë̄to weltis,
posqē jod prǟwa (d)wisstātām bheghlṓu
N̥tr̥sujósqe, rēgs dhghmenom atqe diwijós Aghileus
qisqe ar ambhōu deiwṓm pŕ̥tei kom wēghst streudedhjom;
Lātjós Diwósqe sūnús: so gar rēgei kr̥díjomnos
¹⁰aigim əna korjei ort upelām, mərijetoqe teutā,
jodqid Kʰrūsãi n̥dekos bhlā́menei dhēt.

N̥tr̥sujós: so gar ludhét ōkúns epi nāwn̥s Aghaiwṓm
lū́somnosqe dhugtérm̥ bherontsqe n̥perwn̥tóm apoqrojom,
telmóna seghonts ghesr̥sí dūrosupā́jonts Apóljonos
¹⁵ghl̥tnoi (əna) skāpoi; joqe chedhjet oljons Aghaiwóns,
N̥tr̥sujṓu au plēistom dwōu, teutawəlōu:
N̥tr̥sujṓsqe aljōs súknǟmejes Aghaiwṓs,
usméike deiwṓs dəjənt Ulumpjāi domowentes
wəltr̥ Paríjamuwosjo polim, suqe domum wr̥todhjom:
²⁰putlomqe meghei lúsīte prijóm, taqe apoqrojom déksesdhwe,
jágjomnōs Diwós sūnúm dūrosupā́jontm̥ Apóljonom.

n̥dh’aljōs-ke oljoi (sm̥)cren̥t Aghaiwṓs